Convert MySQL to JSON using PHP

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is more compact, flexible and easier to use. It is used primarily to transmit data between a server and web application. Today, it get more popular than XML. This can be also easily used with Javascript.

Convert MySQL to JSON

For this, first we have created a MySQL table and inserted some records in it. You can use the records if you already have otherwise you can create it manually or copy and paste the following queries in your database.

  `emp_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `name` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `age` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `department` varchar(100) NOT NULL

INSERT INTO `employee` (`emp_id`, `name`, `age`, `department`) VALUES
(1, 'John', 30, 'Software'),
(2, 'Smith', 32, 'Hardware'),
(3, 'Gaga', 33, 'Software'),
(4, 'Mary', 29, 'Purchase'); 

This is the main file, that we will call on the browser. This file contains code for mysql database connection and json_encode() function to generate JSON, it takes PHP array, string, integer, float, Boolean as input value and converts to JSON String.

Make sure to replace hostname, username, password and database with your database credentials and database name.

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Convert MYSQL Data to JSON</title>
    $connection = mysqli_connect("hostname","username","password","database") 
    or die("Error " . mysqli_error($connection));

    //fetch table rows from mysql db
    $sql = "select * from employee";
    $result = mysqli_query($connection, $sql) or die("Error in Selecting " . mysqli_error($connection));

    //create an array
    $emparray = array();
    while($row = mysqli_fetch_assoc($result))
        $emparray[] = $row;
    $data = json_encode($emparray, JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
    echo '<pre>'; print_r($data);

    //close the db connection

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