MongoDB Collection

Collection in MongoDB is an analog of a table in a relational database. It is a group of documents. Each document in a collection can have different structures. A collection can contain up to 64 indexes.

MongoDB Create Collection

MongoDB createCollection() method is used to create a collection in mongodb.

Syntax of createCollection()

db.createCollection(name, options)

Here, name is the name of the collection and of a string type and options is an optional parameter.

The options parameter can be the following -

Option Type Description
capped boolean Specify true to create a capped collection.
autoIndexId boolean Specify false to disable the automatic creation of an index.
size number Specify a maximum size in bytes for a capped collection.
max number The maximum number of documents allowed in the capped collection.
storageEngine document Available for the WiredTiger storage engine only.
validator document Allow users to specify validation rules or expressions for the collection.
viewOn string The name of the source collection or view from which to create the view.
pipeline array An array that consists of the aggregation pipeline stage.
collation document Specifies the default collation for the collection.
writeConcern document A document that expresses the write-concern for the operation.


db.createCollection("students", { capped : true, size : 5242880, max : 3000 } )
mongodb create collection

We can also create a collection when documents are first inserted. This is the dynamic behaviour of MongoDB. Like, in this example, we need to store a document in a collection 'employee'. So before creating this, we can directly insert the document in the 'employee' collection.

> use company;
switched to db company
> db.employee.insert({name:"Priska",dept:"IT",role:"developer"});
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.employee.find();
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5d414003092ef252dc155a6f"), "name" : "Priska", "dept" : "IT", "role" : "developer" }

MongoDB List Collections

MongoDB show collections display a list of all defined collections on the current selected database.
In the below command, we have selected 'school' database and listed all its collections.

> use school;
switched to db school
> show collections

MongoDB Collection Statistics

We can know about individual collection statistics using stats() method. This is helpful in complicated debugging.

> db.attendence.stats()
	"ns" : "school.attendence",
	"size" : 53,
	"count" : 1,
	"avgObjSize" : 53,
	"storageSize" : 16384,
	"capped" : false,

MongoDB Count Document

To count the number of documents in a collection, simply write the following command -

> db.students.count();

Size of Collection

The dataSize() method returns the size of the given collection.

> db.students.dataSize();

Size of Document in Collection

The storageSize() method returns the total size of documents stored in the collection.

> db.students.storageSize();

Size of all indexes in a Collection

The totalIndexSize() method returns the total size of all indexes in the given collection.

> db.students.totalIndexSize();

Collection Latency Statistics

MongoDB latencyStats() method returns latency statistics for read requests, write requests and database commands for the given collection.

	"ns" : "school.students",
	"host" : "DESKTOP-NAME",
	"localTime" : ISODate("2019-08-02T11:03:48.966Z"),
	"latencyStats" : {
		"reads" : {
			"latency" : NumberLong(193999),
			"ops" : NumberLong(3)
		"writes" : {
			"latency" : NumberLong(0),
			"ops" : NumberLong(0)
		"commands" : {
			"latency" : NumberLong(242811),
			"ops" : NumberLong(3)
		"transactions" : {
			"latency" : NumberLong(0),
			"ops" : NumberLong(0)

MongoDB Rename Collection

MongoDB provides renameCollection() method to rename the existing collection.

{ "ok" : 1 }

MongoDB Delete Collection

MongoDB drop() method is used to delete the existing collection. It returns true on success.

> db.marks.drop();

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