×


Dynamically Add/Delete HTML Table Rows Using Javascript

in Home
16. 02. 03
Hits: 181663

Dynamically Add/Delete HTML Table Rows Using Javascript

In this article, you will learn how to create a simple user interface where a user can add or delete multiple table rows in a form dynamically using Javascript.

Sometimes, there may be a requirement for the user to add multiple repeated row's fields in a form. We cannot assume how many fields we should provide on the webpage. Like, we need to provide some employees details. There is no surety of how many employee details, may be later we have to delete some. Let's discuss how we can achieve these tasks. In this post, we will write code to add or remove the entire row with there input fields dynamically using Javascript. We will provide two buttons, the first button to add new rows to the table and the second to remove rows.

Dynamically Add/Delete HTML Table Rows Using Javascript

As we know, Javascript is a dynamic language. It means it can control, access and manipulate the HTML elements dynamically on the client side. We can easily add and remove HTML elements in a web page using Javascript. In this article, we will provide you with a simple way to add or remove HTML table rows with there fields dynamically.

The below code has an HTML form and two javascript functions addRows() and deleteRows() to add and delete the table rows respectively.

<html>
<head>
<title>Onclick increase Table Rows</title>
<script type="text/javascript">
function addRows(){ 
	var table = document.getElementById('emptbl');
	var rowCount = table.rows.length;
	var cellCount = table.rows[0].cells.length; 
	var row = table.insertRow(rowCount);
	for(var i =0; i <= cellCount; i++){
		var cell = 'cell'+i;
		cell = row.insertCell(i);
		var copycel = document.getElementById('col'+i).innerHTML;
		cell.innerHTML=copycel;
		if(i == 3){ 
			var radioinput = document.getElementById('col3').getElementsByTagName('input'); 
			for(var j = 0; j <= radioinput.length; j++) { 
				if(radioinput[j].type == 'radio') { 
					var rownum = rowCount;
					radioinput[j].name = 'gender['+rownum+']';
				}
			}
		}
	}
}
function deleteRows(){
	var table = document.getElementById('emptbl');
	var rowCount = table.rows.length;
	if(rowCount > '2'){
		var row = table.deleteRow(rowCount-1);
		rowCount--;
	}
	else{
		alert('There should be atleast one row');
	}
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form action="#" method="post">    
	<table id="emptbl">
		<tr>
			<th>Employee Name</th>
			<th>Phone</th>
			<th>Department</th> 
			<th>Gender</th> 
		</tr> 
		<tr> 
			<td id="col0"><input type="text" name="empname[]" value="" /></td> 
			<td id="col1"><input type="text" name="phone[]" value="" /></td> 
			<td id="col2"> 
			<select name="department[]" id="dept"> 
			<option value="0">Select Department</option> 
			<option value="1">Sales</option>
			<option value="2">IT</option>
			<option value="3">Warehouse</option>
			</select> 
		        </td> 
		        <td id="col3"> 
			<input type="radio" name="gender[0]" value="male" />Male 
			<input type="radio" name="gender[1]" value="female" />Female 
		        </td> 
		</tr>  
	</table> 
	<table> 
		<tr> 
			<td><input type="button" value="Add Row" onclick="addRows()" /></td> 
			<td><input type="button" value="Delete Row" onclick="deleteRows()" /></td> 
			<td><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></td> 
		</tr>  
	</table> 
 </form> 
</body> 
</html>

In the above code, we have taken a form element with three buttons to Add Row, Delete Row and Submit form data. Within the form element, we have taken a table to display the form input data. To perform dynamic operations on the table using Javascript, we have given an id 'emptbl' to the table.



Steps: Javascript adds rows to table dynamically

These are the step-by-step code explanations on how a new row is dynamically created when user clicks on the 'Add Row' button.

addRows() - Within the head section, we have created a Javascript function name addRows() that is responsible for adding a new table row with input fields. For this, first we got the table element with table id and stored in a javascript variable table.

var table = document.getElementById('emptbl');

Next, we stored the number of <tr> element using the Javascript property rows.length in a variable rowCount and rows[0].cells.length property returns number of <td> elements of first row.

var rowCount = table.rows.length;
var cellCount = table.rows[0].cells.length;

Next, we have created an empty row using Javascript property insertRow().

var row = table.insertRow(rowCount);

Next, we have dynamically generated the cells within the empty row using a for loop and taken the innerHTML of the old cell with cell index and paste it in the new one.

for(var i =0; i <= cellCount; i++){

}


Steps: Javascript deletes rows of the table dynamically

These are the step-by-step code explanations on how an existing row is dynamically deleted when a user clicks the 'Delete Row' button.

deleteRows() - Within the head section after addRows() function, we have created other Javascript function name deleteRows() that is responsible to delete existing table row with input fields. For this, first we got the table element with table id and stored in a variable table.

Next, we stored the number of <tr> element using property rows.length in a variable rowCount.

var rowCount = table.rows.length;

Next, using the IF Else statement, we have checked whether the number of table rows is greater than one or not.

if(rowCount > '2'){

}

If it is TRUE, then it deletes one row with the Javascript property deleteRow() and decrement the number of rows by one.

var row = table.deleteRow(rowCount-1);
rowCount--;

We hope this code helps someone. You can implement this easily with minor edits. During implementation, please take care of table id and columns id.

Screenshot of Add/Delete Table Rows







Related Articles

Download and open PDF file using Ajax
Javascript window location
How to reverse a number in Javascript
How to reverse string in Javascript
PHP script to read email inbox
How to retrieve data from database without refreshing page
Print specific part of webpage
Store Emoji character in MySQL using PHP
PHP Display PDF file from Database
Jquery ajax loop through data
Dynamically add/remove rows in html table using jquery
Submit form without page refresh using javascript
PHP Form Validation Tutorial
Google reCAPTCHA v3 PHP example
Select/deselect all checkboxes using Javascript
Javascript speech recognition example
Image popup on page load using HTML and jQuery
jQuery File upload progress bar with file size validation




Read more articles


General Knowledge



Learn Popular Language